Greece

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Welcome to the GFCM Database on National Fisheries Legislation

Please read the 'Introduction' in the Main Page before starting.

N.B: the below reported contents are currently subject to revision and will be thus updated in due course.


Contents


PAGE UNDER CONSTRUCTION ---

For further information, please visit the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile of Greece in the FAO Website, here

Introduction


Grece has been a member of the GFCM since the April 7th 1952. The country is party to the UN Law of the Sea Convention (21 July 1995) and the UN Fish Stock Agreement of 1995 (19 December 2003). Greece has not ratified the FAO Compliance Agreement of 1993 and even ratified the FAO Port State Measures Agreement of 2009.

FISHERIES

The capacity of the fleet is adjusted according to the reference levels determined in accordance with European legislation. The national law Presidential Decree No. 261 requirements for granting professional fishing licences to fishing vessels does not allow from 1991 to grant new fishing licenses, except when possible within the reference levels of fishing fleet adjustments. Furthermore, there are national provisions requiring local and temporal restrictions on the operation of various types of fishing activities.

Access regime to fisheries resources

As Greece is a member of the European Union, the Common Fishery Policy (CFP) and its legislation is directly applicable.

Administrative authorizations and licenses

A licensing system is in place for the purpose of commercial fishing in waters under Greek sovereignty. Fishing license is valid for two years. It can be transferred and renewed under certain terms and conditions. Fishing permit is valid for one year.
In case of fishing infringements, the fishing permit and the fishing license are temporarily suspended for a period commensurating with the seriousness of the offense. In some cases, national and European legislation provide for permanent removal of fishing license (Royal Decree 666/66, Art.1 and 5, Law 2040/92, European legislation, see: European Union).
All fishing vessels have to have prior to the issuance of any fishing license a Protocol of General inspection or a license of voyages (depending on the length of the fishing vessel and its use). These licenses ensure the general safety on board of the vessel, the presence of lifesaving – firesaving equipment, the engines etc. They are valid for two years (professional fishing vessels) and eight years (recreational fishing vessels) and can be renewed (Presidential Decree 175/88 and General Port Regulation No. 23).

Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject


Main fisheries laws and regulations

Main legislations
Presidential Decree No. 261 requirements for granting professional fishing licences to fishing vessels
Decision No. 761 prohibiting fishing in the Region of Euboea
Presidential Decree No. 124 prohibiting fishing in the Maliakos Golf
Presidential Decree No. 17 amending Presidential Decree No. 49 “implementing Directive 2002/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Community vessel traffic monitoring and information system”, in accordance with Commission Directive 2009/17/EU
Presidential Decree No. 78 amending Presidential Decree No. 49 “implementing Directive 2002/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Community vessel traffic monitoring and information system”, in accordance with Commission Directive 2011/15/EU
Presidential Order prohibiting fishing in the marine area of Fanari
Presidential Decree No. 99 on fishing within internal waters

Source FAOLEX

Conservation and control measures

Regarding the conservation of aquatic living resources, the Greek legislation provides a series of measures for the prohibition or restriction of fishing activities in spawning and nursery areas, protected areas and during critical periods for juveniles and reproduction.

Restrictions apply on fisheries resources

Management plans designed and/or implemented in Greece concern:

  • Bluefin tuna fishery according to EU legislation (special fishing permit system)
  • Eel fishery
  • purse seine fishery (beginning of 2012)
  • bottom trawling fishery
    Area and time restrictions

    The national legislation provides for local and temporal restrictions on the use of certain fishing gears (e.g., bottom trawling, purse seine, fixed gear) and seasonal restrictions on fishing for certain species (e.g., swordfish, lobster). For exemple:

    • A general ban on bottom trawling is applied for each year (June-October) (Royal Decree 917/66)
    • a general ban on purse seine is applied from 15 December to end of February each year and during two days before and after of full moon (Royal Decree of 23.3.1953)
    • Fishing is also not allowed for towing gears and purse seines over protected habitats (e.g. poseidonia beds)

    Four artificial reefs, where fishing has been prohibited, have been created and monitored by pilot projects. Three marine parks have been established in Greece, in Sporades, Zante and Aitoliko, as well as NATURA 2000 sites and other protected areas, where fisheries are conducted under strict terms and conditions.

    Minimum sizes

    This subject is covered by the European Union legislation.


    Protected species

    This subject is covered by the European Union legislation.


    Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject

    Fishing gear and methods

    This subject is covered by European Union legislation.


    Requirements due to fishing vessels

    Register

    This subject is covered by the European Union legislation.


    Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject


    Reporting obligation

    This subject is covered by the European Union legislation.


    Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject

    Marking

    This subject is covered by the European Union legislation.

    Landing of catch

    This subject is covered by European Union legislation. For landing in Greece is obligatory to provide prior notification for landings of BFT and landings of foreign (third countries’) vessels. Moreover the vessel has to provide relevant information for inspections as fleet register, buyers register, infringement register and inspections register. The inspections are conduct in accordance to risk analysis.
    Non-EU vessels shall land or transship their catch only in designated ports (Regulation (EC) No. 1005/2008 establishing a Community system to prevent IUU fishing art. 5). In Greece there are only two designated landing ports, Keratsini and Nea Michaniona.

    Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject

    Observers

    This subject is covered by the European Union legislation.


    Vessel Monitoring System

    The competent control authorities are the Directorate for Control of Fisheries and Products and the Directorate General For Sustainable Fisheries.
    The Fisheries Monitoring Center (FMC) of Greece is the national Fisheries Control Agency together with the Hellenic Coast Guard.
    The VMS equipment is connected to the FMC (Regulation (EC) 1224/2009, article 9, par. 7) of the national Fisheries Control Agency, from where its functioning is monitoring all day long. When technical problems arise, the provisions of article 25, of Reg (EU) 404/2011 are applied. All fishing vessels > 18 m length overall, must be equipped with VMS from 1 January 2004.
    All fishing vessels > 15 m and ≤ 18 length overall, must be equipped with a VMS from 1 January2005.

    Regulation (EC) 2371/2002 on the conservation and sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources under the Common Fisheries Policy (article 22, par. 1(b)): fishing vessel of ≥12 m length overall shall have installed on board a fully functioning device which allows that vessel to be automatically located and identified through the vessel monitoring system by transmitting position data at regular intervals. It shall also allow the Fisheries Monitoring Centre of the flag Member State to poll the fishing vessel. For fishing vessels of ≥12 m length overall and less than ≤15 m length overall this Article applies as from 1 January 2012.

    Implementing Regulation (EU) 404/2011, laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009: Title I, Chapter IV, Vessel Monitoring System Articles 18 -28

    Ministerial Decision 5088/78186/2013 regulating Large Pelagic Species Fisheries, provides: all fishing vessels authorized to fish large pelagic species, shall be equipped with a VMS, irrespective of their length.

    Ministerial Decision 4023/64557/2014 determining terms, conditions, documentation and procedures for approving fishing authorizations for fishing vessels, provides:all fishing vessels that have special permits to fish in international waters shall be equipped with a VMS, irrespective of their length.

    Not fulfilling of obligation to transmit data by satellite vessel monitoring system is a serious infringement, (Article 90 paragraph 1 of the Control Regulation in conjunction with Article 42 paragraph 1(a) and Article 3 paragraph 1(b) of Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008) Recently, a national Ministerial Decision issued (1749/32215/19-3-2015) for the establishment of additional measures for the implementation of Union Provisions for the point system of serious infringements.


    Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject


    Sanctions

    Administrative

  • Fines
  • Suspension or permanent withdrawal of fishing licenses (vessel’s and captain’s)
  • Direct measures: confiscation of catches and/or fishing gears Penal
  • Fines
  • Imprisonment Law 2040/92 and legislative Decree 420/70).


    Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject
    REC. GFCM/33/2009/8 on the establishment of a list of vessels presumed to have carried out IUU fishing in the GFCM area

    Principal Legal Measures on Monitoring, Control and Surveillance
    Logbook
    European Union Legislation
    Landing of catch
    European Union Legislation
    International Agreements Council Regulation of 20 June 2011 on the approval, on behalf of the European Union, of the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (2011/443/EU)
    Inspections
    European Union Legislation

    Source FAOLEX

    AQUACULTURE

    Section under construction


    Main aquaculture laws and regulations



    Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject


    Sources:
    Greek National Gazette: http://www.et.gr/;

    FAOLEX: http://faolex.fao.org/fishery/index.htm