Israel

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Welcome to the GFCM Database on National Fisheries Legislation

Please read the 'Introduction' in the Main Page before starting.


Contents


For further information, please visit the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile of Israel in the FAO Website here.

Introduction


Israel has been a member of the GFCM as of the 20 February 1952. The country is not party to the UN Law of the Sea Convention and the UN Fish Stock Agreement of 1995. Israel has not even ratified the FAO Compliance Agreement of 1993 and also the FAO Port State Measures Agreement of 2009.

FISHERIES

Access regime to fisheries resources

Administrative authorizations and licenses

A licence to take fish in Israel granted under the Fisheries Ordinance other than a licence to take fish exclusively in any part of Israel or a special licence granted under sub-section (2) hereof, shall not be valid for a term exceeding one year. It shall, subject as provided in proviso (a) to sub-section (4) hereof, be personal to the person to whom it is issued and it shall not be transferable.

No person shall take fish in Israel, unless he is the holder of a licence to take fish in Israel granted under the Fisheries Ordinance.


Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject

Main fisheries laws and regulations


Conservation and control measures

Restrictions apply on fisheries resources

Area and time restrictions

Fishing restrictions in the Hulah Nature Reserve (amendment of 5723)

No person shall fish in the area of the Hulah Nature Reserve except by using a hook. (b)For the purposes of this Rule, the area of the Hulah Nature Reserve is the area whose borders are demarcated by a blue line on the detailed urban building scheme no. 262 - nature reserves at the north-west of the Hulah where a notice of the deposit thereof, together with accompanying drawing, were published in the Yilkut HaPirsumim 517 of 5717, p. 458.

Taking fish in the following areas is prohibited:
within the area of water enclosed by the main and lee breakwaters at Haifa, or beyond those breakwaters;
Within the area of water enclosed by the sea wall at Jaffa and the adjacent reef of rock to the north of aforesaid wall, or from the sea wall and reef themselves;
except under a special licence for this purpose granted by the Director of Fisheries.


Minimum sizes

Trawls: - The mesh of every net used as a trawl shall in no part of the trawl be less than 22 millimetres knot to knot, or 44 millimetres stretched measure, except at the cod end with a length of not less than 4 m., where the mesh shall not be less than 24 millimetres knot to knot, or 48 millimetres stretched measure and no vessel used for trawling fish shall employ nets with smaller measurements than this measurement. For these purposes, “cod end “means the active rearmost part of the trawl.

Other nets: the measurement of all other nets used for fishing in the sea or in rivers flowing into the sea shall not be less than 12 millimetres knot to knot when new and unused, or 11 millimetres knot to knot after use with preservatives, or 10 millimetres from knot to knot in any condition whatsoever, and with entangling nets not less than 14 millimetres knot to knot in any condition whatsoever.

Fish traps: the mesh of every form of fish trap or lobster pot shall measure not less than 30 millimetres along each side.


Protected species

Prohibition on fishing blind shrimp (amendment of 5723)

No person shall fish blind shrimp (Typhlocaris galilea.)

Restriction on fishing marine turtles (amendments: 5723, 5755)

No person shall fish marine turtles along the Mediterranean coastline and in the territorial waters of Israel.



Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject

Fishing gear and methods

No person shall fish with trawl nets in the Mediterranean Sea in a place where the water depth is less than 15 meters.

No person shall fish in Mediterranean rivers within 100 meters from the mouth thereof with any net apart from a cast net and special nets for the collection of fry, except by permit from the Director of Fisheries; for these purposes, "fry" means fish after hatching from an egg until reaching a length of 50 mm.

No person shall take fish in the Sea of Galilee using an underwater spear gun, and no person shall take fish in any other place using an underwater spear gun where performed using artificial breathing apparatus for diving, except with the permission of the Director of Fisheries and for special reasons that shall be recorded.

No person shall take fish in the Sea of Galilee using entangling nets where their aggregate length exceeds 1500 m.


Requirements due to fishing vessels

Register

This sections will be updated in due course.


Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject

Reporting obligation

Maintenance of fishing logbook

A person in charge of a fishing vessel shall keep a fishing logbook at all times that the vessel is sailing. The logbook shall be set out and in the form to be determined by the Director of Fisheries and its form shall be delivered to the person in charge of the fishing vessel by a fishery officer.

The person in charge of a fishing vessel shall only write in the logbook true and detailed information regarding any matter required to be recorded on the form. l shall give the filled logbook pages to a fishery officer on demand, and no later than 7 days from the date when such demand was delivered to him.


Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject

Marking

No person shall set fishing gear unless on both ends of the fishing gear, and to each part thereof with a length in excess of 500 meters, floats are attached carrying a flag during the day and carrying water resistant lighting apparatus at night, that may be seen from a distance of not less than 500 meters. For these purposes, "fishing gear” means long lines, entangling nets or traps.

Landing of catch

Article 4 of the Fisheries ordinance states that the Minister of Agriculture, or any officer duly authorized by him, may grant to suitable persons operating or manning any fishing vessel registered in a port or place not being an Israeli port or place, a permit to land fish in Israel:

Provided that the Minister of Agriculture or any officer duly authorized by him shall not grant to any person being the master of any such vessel a permit to land fish in Israel, before such person, on behalf of the owner, shall have agreed in writing to conform to the rules in force for Israeli vessels in respect of minimum length of mesh for the nets in use and of minimum size of fish permitted to be landed.

A permit to land fish in Israel shall not be valid for a term exceeding one year. It shall be personal to the person to whom it is issued and shall not be transferable.


Director of Fisheries, shall have authority to grant a permit to land fish from foreign fishing vessels that are not registered in Israel, pursuant to the provisions of subsection (1) of section 4 of the Ordinance.

The undertaking and the permit, pursuant to subsection (1) of section 4 of the Ordinance, shall be drawn up in the form determined by the Director of Fisheries.

The permit under this Rule, shall be granted for a period of one month. The fee for such permit shall be 150 lirot.


Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject

Observers

This sections will be updated in due course.

Vessel Monitoring System

Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject

Sanctions

This sections will be updated in due course


Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject
REC. GFCM/33/2009/8 on the establishment of a list of vessels presumed to have carried out IUU fishing in the GFCM area


Principal Legal Measures on Monitoring, Control and Surveillance

Logbook
Fisheries Ordinance
Fisheries Rules
Landing of catch
Fisheries Rules
Vessel Monitoring System (VMS)
There is not a specific legislation in this domain
Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated fishing (IUU)
There is not a specific legislation in this domain
Inspections
Fisheries Rules

Source FAOLEX

AQUACULTURE



This sections will be updated in due course.



Source FAOLEX


Relevant GFCM Decisions on this subject


Sources:

FAOLEX: http://faolex.fao.org/fishery/index.htm